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happy planting.

Garden-pedia

Plant terms can be confusing. If you find yourself a bit perplexed, the glossary below may help. If I have missed any, please let me know.

Happy Planting!


Acidic Soil Soil with a pH of less than 7
   
Alkaline Soil Soil with a pH of greater than 7
   
Amendment Any material, such as compost or lime, that is mixed with existing soil to improve properties
   
Annual Plant that completes its lifecycle in one growing season, then dies
   
Basal Foliage Leaves found near the base of the stem
   
Biennial Plant that completes its lifecylce in two growing seasons, then dies
   
Border A garden, usually containing a variety of plants, that is backed by walls, fences, or taller plants, such as, trees or shrubs
   
Compost Organic material used as a soil amendment
   
Crown Area on a plant where the stem meets the root, generally found at soil level
   
Cultivar Refers to a group of plants within a species that has slightly different characteristics, such as, flower color or size
   
Deadheading Removal of old, spent/dead flowers, may promote reblooming
   
Deciduous Refers to trees and shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally, usually in the fall
   
Division The process of splitting up plants, commonly performed on perennials
   
en masse Planting masses of the same plant to create a bold statement
   
Evergreen Plants that retain their foliage for more than one growing season
   
Fertilizer Organic or inorganic material added to the soil to encourage plant growth
   
Groundcover A plant that spreads to cover the soil surface
   
Growth Rate Slow: 3-6" per year, Moderate: 6-12" per year, Fast: 12-24+ per year
   
Habit General form or shape of a plant
   
Hardiness Zone Zones that provide guidelines to measure a plants ability to tolerate hot and cold temperatures
   
Herbaceous Non-woody plant that dies back to the ground every year
   
Invasive Plant A plant that spreads rapidly and may take over a garden bed
   
Loam Soil that is a mixture of clay, sand and silt
   
Mass Planting A planting where large numbers of the same plant are used to provide visual interest
   
Native Plant A plant that naturally occurs in a certain area
   
Node (leaf node) a joint on a plant stem
   
Perennial Plant that survives for 3 or more growing seasons
   
Pinching A technique used to promote fuller or shorter plants, often resulting in more flower heads
   
Rhizome an underground stem
 

Stamen

pollen producing structure, usually found within the center of the flower
Spathe Leaf like structure that encloses the flower
   
Taproot Main root of a plant, usually growing straight down
   
Variegated A plant whose green foliage is marked with another color, usually white or yellow

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plant use hedge

Hedge Planting, How To:

Hedging can serve many purposes.  They can act as a living fence, blocking neighbors and street traffic.  They can also create a sound barrier, act as a windbreak, and catch drifting snow.  Perhaps you only want to mark property lines, or emphasize a focal point in your garden.  Whatever your reasons, the steps below will help you establish your hedge planting.  NOTE:  Before starting any landscape project determine if there are any state and local restrictions that must be followed.

Analyze your site:

How tall do you want your hedges to grow?  Overall height will impact your plant choices. 

How much space do you have?  Look at both length and width.  If space is tight, you will be more limited, but, with proper pruning, many shrubs can be formed into a living wall.  Larger spaces have more options, including, double or triple row hedging.  Multiple row hedges fill in more rapidly, offer additional privacy and improve sound reduction. 

Determine the amount of light the site receives daily.  Plants have different requirements, some requiring full sun, while others need shade.  Keep the following in mind when choosing your plants:

Assess your soil conditions.   Is your soil clay, loam, or sand?  Does your soil hold moisture or is it on the dry side?  These conditions will determine what plants will thrive, and those not suited, for your site.  Heavy clay or sandy soils will benefit from a two to three inch layer of organic matter, such as compost or leaf mold.

Choosing Plants:

Select plants that meet your needs.  Use pest and disease resistant varieties that are suited to your climate and soil conditions.

When choosing plants, make sure you know the mature plant size.  This information can be found on plant tags.  Mature plant size will govern how many are needed to fill the space.  To determine the number of plants you need, use the following formula:   

[Garden bed width ÷ mature plant width = number of plants needed]

For example, if your garden space is 30 feet wide and the mature plant width is 5 feet, the number of plants needed to fill the space is 6 (30÷5=6). 

Initially your new garden bed will not be wall to wall greenery, you are purchasing young plants, give them time to grow.   

If you are in a hurry, shrubs can be placed closer together.  Just be careful, shrubs planted cheek-to-cheek will not thrive, as they will compete for water and nutrients.  To avoid root crowding, plant your shrubs at least 12 to 24 inches apart, measuring from the center of the plant.

Popular shrubs for a formal hedge or living wall include:  arborvitae, boxwood, hemlock, holly, privet, and yew.

For a more relaxed or loose hedge consider the following:  arctic blue willow, azalea, barberry, clethra, fothergilla, hydrangea, juniper, pieris, rhododendron, rose of sharon, shrub roses, smokebush, spirea, sweetspire, and viburnum.

Planting your hedge:

Maintenance:

                            Happy Planting! 

 

87 plants found

filter hedge listings

'Blue Puffball'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:3-4 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

American Holly

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Azalea 'ReBLOOM' Series

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade shade

height:2-3 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Border Forsythia

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:variable

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Boxwood

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:3-4 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Camellia October Magic Series

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 7 8 9

Catawba Rhododendron

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Chastetree

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:10-15 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Cherry Laurel

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade shade

height:variable

zone: 6 7 8

Chinese Dogwood 'Elsbry'

type:tree

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Chinese Holly

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 7 8 9

Common Boxwood

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 5 6

Common Winterberry

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Fraser Photinia

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 7 8 9

Hinoki False Cypress

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 5 6 7 8

Holly 'Castle Gold'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Holly 'Nellie R. Stevens'

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Hydrangea 'Annie's Blue'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:4-5 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Hydrangea Everlasting Series

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:3-4 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Hydrangea Let's Dance Series

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:2-3 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Indian Hawthorn 'Redbird'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:4-5 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Inkberry

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8 9

Japanese Falsecypress

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Japanese Holly

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 5 6 7 8

Joe Pye Weed

type:perennial

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Joe Pye Weed

type:perennial

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Kolorscape Rose Series

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:2-3 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Lawson Falsecypress

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:variable

zone: 6 7 8 9

Lilac 'Scent and Sensibility'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:2-3 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Little Goblin Winterberry

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:4-5 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Little Leaf Boxwood

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:3-4 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Meserve Hybrid Hollies

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 5 6

Oakleaf Hydrangea

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Old Fashioned Weigela

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:6-8 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Oriental Arborvitae

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pagoda Dogwood

type:tree

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Pagoda Dogwood

type:tree

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Pagoda Dogwood

type:tree

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Pagoda Dogwood

type:tree

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Pagoda Dogwood

type:tree

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Pagoda Dogwood

type:tree

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Pagoda Dogwood

type:tree

category:hedge

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Rocky Mountain Juniper 'Woodward'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Rose 'Radgor'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:3-4 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Rose Look-A-Like 'Apple Dapple'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:2-3 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Rose Look-A-Likes Bougainfeelya

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:3-4 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Rose Tahitian Treasure

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:4-5 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Saint John's Wort

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:3-4 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Serviceberry

type:tree

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8 9

Silverberry

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:6-8 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Summersweet

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8 9

Summersweet 'Novacleein'

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:3-4 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Tester

type:

category:hedge

light:

height:

zone:

Wee White Smooth Hydrangea

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:12-24 inches

zone: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Wee White Smooth Hydrangea

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:12-24 inches

zone: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Wee White Smooth Hydrangea

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:12-24 inches

zone: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Weigela 'Sonic Bloom' Series

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:4-5 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Weigela Ruby Fusion

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:3-4 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Yaupon Holly

type:shrub

category:hedge

light: full sun

height:variable

zone: 7 8 9 10 11