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happy planting.

Garden-pedia

Plant terms can be confusing. If you find yourself a bit perplexed, the glossary below may help. If I have missed any, please let me know.

Happy Planting!


Acidic Soil Soil with a pH of less than 7
   
Alkaline Soil Soil with a pH of greater than 7
   
Amendment Any material, such as compost or lime, that is mixed with existing soil to improve properties
   
Annual Plant that completes its lifecycle in one growing season, then dies
   
Basal Foliage Leaves found near the base of the stem
   
Biennial Plant that completes its lifecylce in two growing seasons, then dies
   
Border A garden, usually containing a variety of plants, that is backed by walls, fences, or taller plants, such as, trees or shrubs
   
Compost Organic material used as a soil amendment
   
Crown Area on a plant where the stem meets the root, generally found at soil level
   
Cultivar Refers to a group of plants within a species that has slightly different characteristics, such as, flower color or size
   
Deadheading Removal of old, spent/dead flowers, may promote reblooming
   
Deciduous Refers to trees and shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally, usually in the fall
   
Division The process of splitting up plants, commonly performed on perennials
   
en masse Planting masses of the same plant to create a bold statement
   
Evergreen Plants that retain their foliage for more than one growing season
   
Fertilizer Organic or inorganic material added to the soil to encourage plant growth
   
Groundcover A plant that spreads to cover the soil surface
   
Growth Rate Slow: 3-6" per year, Moderate: 6-12" per year, Fast: 12-24+ per year
   
Habit General form or shape of a plant
   
Hardiness Zone Zones that provide guidelines to measure a plants ability to tolerate hot and cold temperatures
   
Herbaceous Non-woody plant that dies back to the ground every year
   
Invasive Plant A plant that spreads rapidly and may take over a garden bed
   
Loam Soil that is a mixture of clay, sand and silt
   
Mass Planting A planting where large numbers of the same plant are used to provide visual interest
   
Native Plant A plant that naturally occurs in a certain area
   
Node (leaf node) a joint on a plant stem
   
Perennial Plant that survives for 3 or more growing seasons
   
Pinching A technique used to promote fuller or shorter plants, often resulting in more flower heads
   
Rhizome an underground stem
 

Stamen

pollen producing structure, usually found within the center of the flower
Spathe Leaf like structure that encloses the flower
   
Taproot Main root of a plant, usually growing straight down
   
Variegated A plant whose green foliage is marked with another color, usually white or yellow

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plant use privacy

Privacy Screens, How To:

Privacy does not have to come in the form of an ugly wooden fence or expensive stone wall.  Living screens can often better serve your purpose and bring beauty to the landscape.  They block neighbors, street traffic, and create a sound barrier.  Use the steps below to help create a beautiful and private living space.  NOTE:  Before starting any landscape project determine if there are any state and local restrictions that must be followed.

Analyze your site:

How tall do you want your screening?  Overall height will impact plant choices. 

How much space do you have?  Look at both length and width.  If space is tight, you will be more limited, but, with proper pruning, many shrubs can be formed into a living wall.  Larger spaces have more options, including, double or triple row shrub designs, or the mixed shrub border.  Multiple rows fill in more rapidly, offer additional privacy and better sound reduction.  The mixed shrub border will be more relaxed and natural looking, as well as, low maintenance.

Determine the amount of light the site receives daily.  Plants have different requirements, some requiring full sun, while others need shade.  Keep the following in mind when choosing your plants:

Assess your soil conditions.   Is your soil clay, loam, or sand?  Does your soil hold moisture or is it on the dry side?  These conditions will determine what plants will thrive, and those not suited, for your site.  Heavy clay or sandy soils will benefit from a two to three inch layer of organic matter, such as compost or leaf mold.

Choosing Plants:

Select plants that meet your needs.  Use pest and disease resistant varieties that are suited to your climate and soil conditions.  Be sure to determine your hardiness zone prior to choosing plants.  

When choosing plants, make sure you know the mature plant size.  This information can be found on plant tags.  Mature plant size will govern how many are needed to fill the space.  To determine the number of plants you need, use the following formula:    

[Garden bed length ÷ mature plant width = number of plants needed]

For example, if your garden space is 30 feet long and the mature plant width is 5 feet, the number of plants needed to fill the space is 6 (30÷5=6).  If your space is going to be more than one row deep, remember to account for overall plant size when defining garden bed depth.   

Initially your new garden bed will not be wall to wall greenery.  You are purchasing young plants, give them time to grow. 

If you are in a hurry, shrubs can be placed closer together.  Just be careful, shrubs planted cheek-to-cheek will not thrive, as they will compete for water and nutrients.  To avoid root crowding, plant your shrubs at least 12 to 24 inches apart, measuring from the center of the plant.

Popular shrubs for the more formal living wall include:  arborvitae, boxwood, hemlock, holly, privet, and yew.  Keep it simple, choosing only one or two shrubs. 

For the mixed border you will need to purchase a variety of plants types.  Select 3 or 4 shrub types, using the same shrub in groups of three or five, repeating them throughout the design.  Groupings and repetition create an attractive and cohesive space.  Common shrubs for the mixed border include:  amur maple, arctic blue willow, azalea, barberry, beautyberry, clethra, fothergilla, firethorn, hydrangea, juniper, lilac, mock orange, ninebark, pieris, red twig dogwood, rhododendron, rose of sharon, shrub roses, smokebush, spriea, sweetspire, and viburnum, winged euonymus.

Planting your screen: 

  1. Mark out your planting area using flags or paint.
  2. If planting in a row, use stakes and a string to ensure you have a straight line.
  3. If planting a mixed shrub border, place your tallest plant selections in the back, medium sized shrubs in the middle, and short plants in the front.      
  4. With plants still in their pots, set them in the desired locations. Space plants based on their mature width. 
  5. Remove plants from their pots and set in the ground using proper planting techniques.
  6. Water well. 
  7. Cover the area with a 2-3 inch layer of mulch to control weeds and retain moisture.

Maintenance:

                                                                             Happy Planting!

 

77 plants found

filter privacy listings

American Holly

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Anemone Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 5 6 7

Armand Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 7 8 9

Atlas Cedar

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:over 40 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Catawba Rhododendron

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: part sun / shade shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Chastetree

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun

height:10-15 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Cherry Laurel

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade shade

height:variable

zone: 6 7 8

Chinese Dogwood 'Elsbry'

type:tree

category:privacy

light: part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Chinese Holly

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 7 8 9

Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light:

height:10-15 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light:

height:10-15 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light:

height:10-15 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light:

height:10-15 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light:

height:10-15 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis 'Viva Polonia'

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis Brother Stefan

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis Happy Jack

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Clematis Jolly Good

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis Madame Maria

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Clematis Still Waters

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Climbing Hydrangea

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Climbing Hydrangea

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Common Boxwood

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 5 6

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Eastern Arborvitae

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 3 4 5 6 7

Fiveleaf Akebia

type:

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Fraser Photinia

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 7 8 9

Goldflame Honeysuckle

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8 9

Hinoki False Cypress

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 5 6 7 8

Holly 'Castle Gold'

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Holly 'Nellie R. Stevens'

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Hydrangea Everlasting Series

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: part sun / shade

height:3-4 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Indian Hawthorn 'Redbird'

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:4-5 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Japanese Falsecypress

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:variable

zone: 4 5 6 7 8

Kousa Dogwood

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Lawson Falsecypress

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun

height:variable

zone: 6 7 8 9

Meserve Hybrid Hollies

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 5 6

Peppermint Willow

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun

height:6-8 feet

zone: 9 10 11

Rocky Mountain Juniper 'Woodward'

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Rose 'Margaret Mae'

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun

height:10-15 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8 9

Serviceberry

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:20-30 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8 9

Silverberry

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun

height:6-8 feet

zone: 6 7 8 9

Summersweet

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:6-8 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8 9

Sweet Autumn Clematis

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Trumpet Honeysuckle

type:vine

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:10-15 feet

zone: 4 5 6 7 8 9

Weeping Alaskan Cedar

type:tree

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:30-40 feet

zone: 5 6 7

Weigela 'Sonic Bloom' Series

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun part sun / shade

height:4-5 feet

zone: 5 6 7 8

Yaupon Holly

type:shrub

category:privacy

light: full sun

height:variable

zone: 7 8 9 10 11